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The Esophagus



The function of the esophagus is to transport liquids -and solid food from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach. There are three points of narrowing along its length:

The upper end of the esophagus.

The point at bifurcation of the trachea (forking of the windpipe)

The point of entry into the abdominal cavity at the level of the diaphragm.



The esophagus or the food pipe is a muscular tube that extends from the cricoid cartilage of the larynx (voice box) in the neck up to the point where it joins the stomach in the abdomen. It is about 25-30 cm long and runs down the chest behind the trachea or the windpipe and in front of the spine or the backbone.


Diseases of the Esophagus

You can find the information regarding the causes, symptoms, diagnosis along with indications and surgical therapies for the following diseases of the esophagus through the links on the right:

  • Diverticula
  • Reflux disease
  • Achalasia and failure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to open.
  • Esophageal Tumors