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Randomised trial of proton vs. carbon ion radiation therapy in patients with low and intermediate grade chondrosarcoma of the skull base - clinical phase III study



Dr. Matthias Uhl, E-Mail Opens window for sending emailMatthias.Uhl@med.uni-heidelberg.de
Renate Haselmann, E-Mail Opens window for sending emailRenate.Haselmann@med.uni-heidelberg.de


The study is a prospective randomised clinical phase III trial. The trial will be carried out at Heidelberger Ionenstrahl-Therapie (HIT) centre as monocentric trial.

Proton therapy is the gold standard in the treatment of low and intermediate grad chondrosarcomas of the skull base. However, high-LET beams such as carbon ions theoretically offer biologic advantages by enhanced biologic effectiveness in slowgrowing tumors. Up until now it was impossible to compare two different particle therapies, i.e. proton and carbon ion therapy directly with each other. The aim of this study is to find out, whether the biological advantages of carbon ion therapy mentioned above can also be clinically confirmed. Patients with skull base chondrosarcomas will be randomised to either proton or carbon ion radiation therapy. As a standard, patients will undergo non-invasive, rigid immobilization and target volume definition will be carried out based on CT and MRI data. The biologically isoeffective target dose to the PTV in carbon ion treatment will be 60 Gy E ± 5% (hypofractionated) and 70 Gy E ± 5% (standard dose) in proton therapy respectively. The 5 year local-progression free survival (LPFS) rate will be analysed as primary end point. Overall survival, progression free and metastasis free survival, patterns of recurrence, local control rate and morbidity are the secondary end points.


Most important inclusion criteria

  • Karnofsky Performance Score ≥60%
  • Age >18 years and <80 years
  • Histological confirmation of low/ intermediate grade chondrosarcoma with infiltration of the skull base

Most important exclusion criteria

  • Prior RT of skull base region
  • Other malignancies with disease-free interval < 5 years (excepting pre-cancerous lesions)
  • Participation in another trial
  • Pregnancy
  • Simultaneous CHT or Immunotherapy
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