Kliniken & Institute ... Institute Zentrum für... Virologie Forschung Dao Thi

Research group Dao Thi

Overview of our research

The Dao Thi lab uses stem cell-derived culture models to study hepatitis E virus (HEV). With about 20 million infections each year, leading to more than 3 million symptomatic cases and ~60000 fatalities, HEV is believed to be the most common cause of acute hepatitis in the world. Despite increasing awareness, HEV remains an understudied virus. A contributor to the poor understanding is the difficulty to propagate HEV in cell culture. To overcome these limitations, we use embryonic or induced pluripotent stem cell (hESC/iPSC)-derived cell culture models, in particular stem-cell derived hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs). Unlike conventionally used hepatoma cells, we found that HLCs are permissive for infection by primary isolates of all four HEV genotypes that can infect humans. HLCs therefore enable studies of authentic pan-genotype HEV biology. Further, the capability to study replication of non-adapted HEV isolates in tandem with autologous, patient-derived iPSCs enables personalized models of HEV infection and will serve as a platform for testing novel anti-HEV treatments (Figure 1).

We also developed a novel stem cell-based differentiation protocol that uses transwell filters to generate columnar polarized HLCs. HEV is transmitted via the fecal-oral route and hepatocytes are similar to other epithelial cells polarized in vivo. In the absence of robust hepatocyte polarity systems our polarized HLC system now allows us to study directional HEV assembly and release, the final steps of the virus life cycle.
Our efforts should lead to a better understanding of HEV life cycle and host interactions with the overriding goal of developing new specific antiviral treatments.

Figure 1: Stem cell culture models of HEV infection. Cells collected from identified HEV positive individuals can be reprogrammed to generate iPSCs. Relevant SNPs can be repaired or introduced into established hESC/iPSC lines using CRISPR-Cas9, followed by differentiation to the cell type of interest. Differentiated cells can be directly infected with HEV isolates from patients or animals for modeling virus-host interactions in a dish (Dao Thi et al., 2018, Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med).

Group members

Viet Loan Dao Thi, PhD
Email: VietLoan.DaoThi@med.uni-heidelberg.de
Tel: ++49 (0) 6221-56-1328
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Andrew Freistaedter, MSc
Tel: ++49 (0) 6221-56-7891
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Cindy Zhang, MD candidate
Email: Cindy.zhang@bioquant.uni-heidelberg.de
Tel: ++49 (0) 6221-56-7891

Selected Publications

Wu X*, Dao Thi VL*, Liu P, Takacs CN, Xiang K, Andrus L, Gouttenoire J, Moradpour D, Rice CM (2018). Pan-Genotype Hepatitis E Virus Replication in Stem Cell-Derived Hepatocellular Systems. Gastroenterology. 154:663-674
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Wu X, Dao Thi VL, Huang Y, Billerbeck E, Saha D, Hoffmann HH, Wang Y, Silva LAV, Sarbanes S, Sun T, Andrus L, Yu Y, Quirk C, Li M, MacDonald MR, Schneider WM, An X, Rosenberg BR, Rice CM (2018). Intrinsic Immunity Shapes Viral Resistance of Stem Cells. Cell. 172:423-438.
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Dao Thi VL, Wu X, Rice CM. Stem Cell-Derived Culture Models of HEV Infection. (2018). Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. pii: a031724
Dao Thi VL, Debing Y, Wu X, Rice CM, Neyts J, Moradpour D*, and Gouttenoire J* (2016). Sofosbuvir inhibits Hepatitis E virus replication in vitro and results in an additive effect when combined with ribavirin. Gastroenterology. 150:82-85

Open positions

We are searching for a PhD student to work from September 2018 on:
Hepatitis E virus trafficking in polarized human pluripotent stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like Systems

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the major cause of acute hepatitis in the world. Our lab uses stem cell technology to study HEV life cycle and HEV-host interaction. One particular aspect is HEV secretion, which is governed by its fecal-oral route transmission. The virus enters via the gastrointestinal tract and infects the liver, where it enters polarized hepatocytes from the bloodstream and exits with the bile to be shed into feces. We previously developed a novel differentiation protocol that allows columnar polarization of human embryonic or induced pluripotent stem cell (hESC/iPSC)-derived hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) in transwells. Polarized HLCs can be infected with HEV on their basal side, with the majority of infectious virus being released to the apical compartment, recapitulating the directionality of infection occurring in vivo.
The successful applicant will combine this novel polarity system with genetic, biochemical, and imaging approaches to identify and characterize polarized trafficking and secretion routes of HEV. These efforts may help develop new strategies to block HEV assembly and secretion. Beyond virology, this work may lead to a better understanding of the fine-tuned spatio-temporal dynamics and regulation of the polarized trafficking machinery in hepatocytes.
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Methods that will be used:
A wide range of molecular and cell biological techniques with emphasis on live cell imaging using confocal microscopy; human tissue culture including embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells and their differentiation to various cell types, mainly hepatocytes; 3D and complex co-culture systems; infection studies with human viruses in BSL2 and potentially BSL3 laboratories.
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Personal qualifications:
We are looking for a highly motivated, interactive and team-oriented candidate with a background and interest in molecular biology and virology. Applicants should hold a Master’s degree in Biomedical or Molecular Sciences, Biochemistry, Biology or related fields. Expertise in cell imaging and confocal microscopy is advantageous.
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Please apply through: http://www.hbigs.uni-heidelberg.de/