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History of HIT

November 2011 HIT celebrates its second year of clinical operation. During this time about 600 cancer patients have been treated.


November 2009 Successful approval testing process. Regional court grants approval of operation. Patient treatment begins.


June 2008 Completion of technical installation and start of scientific operation.


March 2007 The first beam reaches the horizontal treatment rooms.


February 2007 Maximum acceleration in the synchrotron is reached. Installation of medical equipment in the horizontal irradiation rooms is completed.


January 2007 The support structure for the gantry is installed.


Nov. / Dec. 2006 Linear accelerator in operation. The beam reaches the synchrotron.


1 September 2006 The Heidelberg University Hospital takes over the building.


5 October 2005 Beginning of assembly of the accelerator parallel to construction and beginning of installation of medical equipment by Siemens AG.


20 June 2005 Topping out ceremony for the HIT building.


12 May 2004 The foundationstone for HIT is laid.


Parts of the gantry are transported to the HIT building
Teile der Gantry werden ins HIT-Gebäude transportiert
Foundation stone laid in 2004, Prof. Haberer left, right Prof. Debus

October 2003 Arge SIT (Strabag, M+W Zander) signs as general contractor for construction.


May 2003 Approval of the project by the science council. Companies are contracted to deliver the accelerator components.


Nov. 2001 The German science council votes for the realization of HIT.


September 2000 GSI presents the feasibility study for the Heidelberg heavy ion therapy center.


1998 Submission of the proposal for a dedicated ion beam facility for cancer therapy (GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Heavy Ion Research, Clinic for Radiation Oncology and Radiation Therapy of Heidelberg University Hospital, German Cancer Research Center). 


1997 For the first time in europe, patients are treated with ion beams (carbon) at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Heavy Ion Research. The Opens internal link in current windowPilot project starts.


1993 Four partners start the planning of the pilot project on ion beam therapy: the Opens external link in new windowGSI Helmholtzzentrum for Heavy Ion Research, the Opens external link in new windowClinic for Radiation Oncology and Radiation Therapy of Heidelberg University Hospital, the Opens external link in new windowGerman Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), and the Opens external link in new windowHelmholtzzentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR).


1992 - 1995 Scientists of the the GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Heavy Ion Research develop special software for biology-based radiation planning.


1991 At the GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Heavy Ion Research the first intensity-controlled rasterscan irradiation is performed. Using a Xenon-beam the GSI-logo is scanned into a position-sensitive particle detector.


The idea to build the Heidelberg Ion-Beam Therapy Center arose at the beginning of the 1990s at the Clinic for Radiation Oncology and Radiation Therapy of Heidelberg University Hospital and the GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Heavy Ion Research, Darmstadt. Since the end of the 70th fundamental effects of heavy ion radiation on biological systems were studied at GSI. In 1993 research and development in this area was focused on the application in radiotherapy. In 2004 the HIT construction began and two years later the technical commissioning started.

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