Kliniken &… Institute Heidelberger Institut… Groups & Projects Working Groups Publications



62. Struck NS, Lorenz E, Deschermeier C, Eibach D , Kettenbeil J, Loag W, Brieger SA, Ginsbach AM, Obirikorang C, Maiga-Ascofare O, Sarkodie YA, Amprofi Boham EE, Adu EA, Asare G, Edusei AA, Yawson A, Boakye A, Deke J, Almoustapha NS, Adu-Amoah L, Duah IK, Ouedraogo TA, Boudo V, Rushton B, Ehmen C, Fusco D, Gunga L, Benke D, Höppner Y, Rasamoelina T, Rakotoarivelo RA, Rakotozandrindrainy R, Coulibaly B, Sié A, Afum-Adjei Awuah A, Amuasi J, Souares A, May J. High seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Burkina-Faso, Ghana and Madagascar in 2021: A population-based study. BMC Public Health, 2022 Accepted.

61. Buitrago García T, Sawadogo H, Souares A, Koulidiati JL, Sié A, Bärnighausen T, Langlotz S, McMahon SA. Female-friendly toilets in schools in Burkina Faso: a mixed-methods study. Journal of Global Health, 2022 Accepted.

60. Wasko Z, Dambach P, Kynast-Wolf G, Stieglbauer G, Zabré P, Bagagnan CH, Schoeps A, Souares A, Winkler V. Ethnic Diversity and Mortality in Northwest Burkina Faso: an analysis of the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System from 2000 to 2012. PLOS Global Public Health, 2022. Accepted.

59. Uellner F, Röhr F, Denkinger D, Bärnighausen T, Deckert A, Souares A§, McMahon SA§. Kopfkino: Phases of quarantine among asymptomatic SARS-COV-2 carriers in Germany. PII: S2667-3215(22)00032-4. doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmqr.2022.100070.

58. Lorenz E, Souares A, Amuasi J, Loag W, Deschermeier C, Fusco D, Benke D, A Rakotoarivelo R, Rasamoelina MT, Rakotozandrindrainy R, Sie A, Afum-Adjei Awuah A, May J, Eibach D, Struck N. Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in urban settings in three sub-Saharan African countries (SeroCoV): a study protocol for a household-based cross-sectional prevalence study using two-stage cluster sampling. BMJ Open. 2021 Dec 17;11(12):e056853. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-056853.

57. Deckert A, Anders S, De Allegri M, Nguyen HT, Souares A, McMahon S, Meurer M, Burk R, Sand M, Koeppel L, Hein LM, Roß T, Adler T, Siems T, Brugnara L, Brenner S, Herbst K, Kirrmaier D, Duan Y, Ovchinnikova S, Boerner K, Marx M, Kräusslich HG, Knop M, Bärnighausen T, Denkinger C. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of four different strategies for SARS-CoV-2 surveillance in the general population (CoV-Surv Study): study protocol for a two-factorial randomized controlled multi-arm trial with cluster sampling. Trials. 2021 Sep 26; 22(1):656. doi: 10.1186/s13063-021-05619-5.

56. Herrmann Y, Starck T, Brindl N, Kitchen PJ, Rädeker L, Sebastian J, Köppel L, Tobian F, Souares A, Mihaljevic AL, Merle U, Hippchen T, Herth F, Knorr B, Welker A, Denkinger CM. Description and analysis of representative COVID-19 cases-A retrospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2021 Jul 30;16(7):e0255513. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0255513. eCollection 2021.

55. Sorgho R, Jungmann M, Souares A, Danquah I, Sauerborn R. Climate Change, Health Risks, and Vulnerabilities in Burkina Faso: A Qualitative Study on the Perceptions of National Policymakers. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 May 7;18(9):4972. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18094972.

54. Gottlieb-Stroh T, Souares A, Bärnighausen T, Sié A, Zabre SP, Danquah I. Seasonal and socio-demographic patterns of self-reporting major disease groups in north-west Burkina Faso: an analysis of the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) data. BMC Public Health. 2021 Jun 9; 21(1):1101. doi: 10.1186/s12889-021-11076-1.

53. Ihling CM, Schnitzler P, Heinrich P, Mangu C, Sudi L, Souares A, Gies S, Sie A, Coulibaly B, Ouedraogo AT, Mordmuller B, Held J, Adegnika AA, Fernandes JF, Eckerle I, May J, Hogan B, Eibach D, Tabatabai J. Molecular epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus in children in sub-Saharan Africa. Trop Med Int Health 2021. doi:10.1111/tmi.13573

52. Deckert A, Anders S, de Allegri M, Nguyen HT, Souares A, McMahon S, Boerner K Meurer M,  Herbst K Sand M, Koeppel L, Siems T, Brugnara L Brenner S, Burk R, Lou D, Kirrmaier D, Duan Y,  Ovchinnikova S, Marx M, Kräusslich HG, Knop M, Bärnighausen T, Denkinger C. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of four different strategies for SARS-CoV-2 surveillance in the general population (CoV-Surv Study): a structured summary of a study protocol for a cluster-randomised, two-factorial controlled trial.  Trials 2021 Jan 8;22(1):39. doi: 10.1186/s13063-020-04982-z.

51. Do S, Lohmann J, Brenner S, Koulidiati JL, Souares A, Kuunibe N, Hamadou S, Hien H, Winkler V, De Allegri M. Patterns of healthcare seeking among people reporting chronic conditions in rural sub-Saharan Africa:  Findings from a population-based study in Burkina Faso. Trop Med Int Health. 2020 Dec;25(12):1542-1552. doi: 10.1111/tmi.13500.

50. Sorgho R, Mank I, Kagoné M, Souares A, Danquah I, Sauerborn R. "We Will Always Ask Ourselves the Question of How to Feed the Family": Subsistence Farmers' Perceptions on Adaptation to Climate Change in Burkina Faso.  Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Oct 1;17(19):7200. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17197200.

49. Moirongo RM, Lorenz E, Ntinginya NE, Dekker DM, Fernandes J, Held J,  Lamshöft M, Schaumburg F, Mangu C, Sudi L, Sié A, Souares A, Heinrich N, Wieser A, Mordmüller B, Owusu-dabo E, Adegnika AA, Coulibaly B, May J, Eibach D. Regional variation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacterales, fluoroquinolone-resistant Salmonella enterica and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among febrile patients in sub-Saharan Africa. Front. Microbiol 2020. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2020.567235


48. Yasmin F, Nahar N, Banu B, Ali L, Sauerborn R, Souares A. The influence of mobile phone-based health reminders on patient adherence to medications and healthy lifestyle recommendations for effective management of diabetes type 2: a randomized control trial in Dhaka, Bangladesh. BMC Health Services Research (2020) 20:520. doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05387-z


47. Kiemde D, Ribeiro I§, Sanou S, Coulibaly B, Sié A, Ouedraogo AS, Souares A, Eibach D. Molecular characterization of beta-lactamase genes produced by community-acquired uropathogenic Escherichia coli in Nouna. The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 2020. Nov 30;14(11):1274-1280. doi: 10.3855/jidc.11737.


46. Yasmin F, Ali L, Banu B, Rasul FB, Sauerborn R, Souares A. Understanding patients’ experience living with diabetes type 2 and effective disease management: a qualitative study following a mobile health intervention in Bangladesh. BMC Health Services Research 2020, 20:29. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-4811-9

45. Hillebrecht M, Klonner S, Pacere AN, Souares A. Community-Based versus Statistical Targeting of Anti-Poverty Programs: Evidence from Burkina Faso. Journal of African Economies. 2020, Vol. 29, number 3, 271–305doi: 10.1093/jafeco/ejz026.

44. Werner LK, Jabbarian J, Kagoné M, McMahon S, Lemp, Souares A, Fink G, De Neve JW. “Because at school, you can become somebody” – The perceived health and economic returns on secondary schooling in rural Burkina Faso. Plos One 2019. Dec 27;14(12):e0226911. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226911. eCollection 2019.


43. De Allegri M, Lohmann J, Souares A, Hillebrecht M, Hamadou S, Hien H, Haidara O, Robyn PJ. Correction to: Responding to policy makers' evaluation needs: combining experimental and quasi-experimental approaches to estimate the impact of performance based financing in Burkina Faso. BMC Health Serv Res. 2019 Nov 28;19(1):903. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4714-9.


42. De Allegri M, Lohmann J, Souares A, Hillebrecht M, Hamadou S, Hien H, Haidara O, Robyn PJ. Responding to Policy Makers’ Evaluation Needs: Combining Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Approaches to Estimate the Impact of Performance Based Financing in Burkina Faso. BMC Health Serv Res. 2019 Oct 22; 19(1):733. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4558-3.


41. Hillebrecht, M., Klonner, S., Sauerborn, R., Sié, A., & Souares, A. (2021). The Demand for Health Insurance in a Poor Economy: Evidence from Burkina Faso. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 69(4), 1273-1300. https://doi.org/10.1086/706341 

40. Nabieva J, Souares A. Factors influencing decision to seek health care: a qualitative study among labour-migrants’ wives in northern Tajikistan. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:7.

39. Koulidiati JL, De Allegri M, Souares A, Ouedraogo S, Hien H, Robyn PJ, Brenner S. Factors associated with effective coverage of child health services in Burkina Faso. Trop Med Int Health. 2018 Aug 17. doi: 10.1111/tmi.13140.

38. Koulidiati JL, Nesbitt RC, Ouedraogo N, Hien H, Robyn PJ, Compaoré P, Souares A§, Brenner S. Measuring effective coverage of curative child health services in rural Burkina Faso: a cross-sectional study.BMJ Open. 2018 May 31; 8(5): e020423.

37. Ouédraogo S, Ridde V, Atchessi N, Souares A, Koulidiati JL, Stoeffler Q, Zunzunegui MV. Characterisation of the rural indigent population in Burkina Faso: a screening tool for setting priority healthcare services in sub-Saharan Africa. BMJ Open. 2017 Oct 8;7(10): e013405. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013405.

36. Lohmann J, Souares A, Tiendrebéogo J, Houlfort N, Robyn PJ, Somda SMA, De Allegri M. Measuring health workers' motivation composition: validation of a scale based on Self-Determination Theory in Burkina Faso. Hum Resour Health. 2017 May 22;15(1):33.

35. Yasmin F, Banu B, Zakir S, Sauerborn R, Ali L, Souares A. Positive influence of short message service and voice call interventions on adherence and health outcomes in case of chronic disease care: a systematic review. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2016 16: 46.

34. Oberländer L, Schleicher M, Savadogo G, Souares A, Sauerborn R, Klonner S. The effects of subsidised micro health insurance on insurance demand and welfare outcomes in rural Burkina Faso. Savings and Development 2015, No. Special Issue - UMM Master Awards 2014, 77-139.


33. Mohammed S, Aji B, Bermejo JL, Souares A, Dong H, Sauerborn R. User experience with a health insurance coverage and benefit-package access: implications for policy. Implementation towards expansion in Nigeria. Health Policy Plan. 2015 Aug 10.


32.  Lietz H, Lingani M, Sié A, Sauerborn R, Souares A§, Tozan Y§. Measuring population health: costs of alternative survey approaches in the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System in rural Burkina Faso. Glob Health Action. 2015 7; 8: 28330.


31. Schoeps A, Lietz H, Sié A, Savadogo G, De Allegri M, Müller O, Sauerborn R, Becher H§, Souares A§. Health Insurance Reduces Child Mortality in Rural Burkina Faso. Global Health Action, 2015 28; 8: 27327.

30. Savadogo G, Souares A, Sié A, Parmar D, Bibeau G, Sauerborn R. Using a community-based definition of poverty for targeting poor households for premium subsidies in the context of a community health insurance in Burkina Faso. BMC Public Health. 2015 6; 15(1): 84.

29. Ridde V, Turcotte-Tremblay AM, Souares A, Lohmann J, Zombré D, Koulidiati J, Yaogo M, Hien H, Hunt M, Zongo S, De Allegri M. Protocol for the process evaluation of interventions combining performance-based financing with health equity in Burkina Faso. Implement Sci. 2014 Oct 12;9(1):149.

28. Mahendradhata Y, Souares A, Phalkey R, Sauerborn R. Optimizing patient-centeredness in the transitions of healthcare systems in low- and middle-income countries. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Sep 12;14:386. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-14-386.

27. Murray N, Jansarikij S, Olanratmanee P, Maskhao P, Souares A, Wilder-Smith A, Kittayapong P, Louis VR. Acceptability of impregnated school uniforms for dengue control in Thailand: a mixed methods approach. Glob Health Action. 2014 Sep 1;7:24887. doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.24887. eCollection 2014.

26. Schoeps A, Souares A, Niamba L, Diboulo E, Kynast-Wolf G, Müller O, Sié A, Becher H. Childhood Mortality and its Association with Household Wealth in Rural and Semi-urban Burkina Faso. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2014; 108(10):639-47.

25. Robyn PJ, Bärnighausen T, Souares A, Traoré A, Bicaba B, Sié A, Sauerborn R. Provider payment methods and health worker motivation in community-based health insurance: A mixed-methods study. Soc Sci Med. 2014 108: 223-36.

24. Mohammed S, Souares A, Bermejo JL, Sauerborn R, Dong H. Performance evaluation of a health insurance in Nigeria using optimal resource use: health care providers perspectives. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Mar 14; 14(1):127. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-14-127.

23. Mohammed S, Souares A, Lorenzo BJ, Sufiyan MB, Sauerborn R, Dong H. Satisfaction with the level and type of resource use of a health insurance scheme in Nigeria: Health management organizations’ perspectives. Int J Health Plann Manage 2013 Dec 3.

22 Mohammed S, Lorenzo BJ, Souares A, Sauerborn R, Dong H. Assessing responsiveness of health care services within a health insurance scheme in Nigeria: users’ perspectives. BMC Health Services Research 2013 1; 13: 502.

21. Aji B, De Allegri M, Souares A, Sauerborn R. The impact of health insurance programs on out-of-pocket expenditures in Indonesia: An increase or a decrease? Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013 18; 10(7): 2995-3013.

20. Robyn PJ, Bärnighausen T, Souares A, Savadogo G, Bicaba B, Sié A, Sauerborn R. Does enrollment status in community-based insurance lead to poorer quality of care? Evidence from Burkina Faso. Int J Equity Health. 2013 16; 12:31.

19. Ouedraogo LT, Tougri G, Sié A, Yé M, Souares A. Attitudes of health providers about the use of rapid diagnostic tests in the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in peripheral health centers in Burkina Faso. Rev. CAMES-Série A 2012; 13(Suppl 2):61-65.

18. Blomstedt Y, Souares A, Niamba L, Sie A, Weinehall L, Sauerborn R. Measuring self-reported health in low-income countries: piloting three instruments in semi-rural Burkina Faso. Glob Health Action. 2012; 5.

17. Parmar D, Souares A, Allegri MD, Savadogo G, Sauerborn R. Adverse selection in a community-based health insurance scheme in rural Africa: Implications for introducing targeted subsidies. BMC Health Serv Res. 2012 28; 12(1): 181.

16. Robyn PJ, Bärnighausen T, Souares A, Savadogo G, Bicaba B, Sié A, Sauerborn R. Health worker preferences for community-based health insurance payment mechanisms: a discrete choice experiment. BMC Health Serv Res. 2012 14; 12(1): 159.

15. De Allegri M, Louis VR, Tiendrébeogo J, Souares A, Yé M, Tozan Y, Jahn A, Mueller O. Moving towards universal coverage with malaria control interventions: achievements and challenges in rural Burkina Faso. Int J Health Plann Manage. 2012 28(1):102-21. 

14. Parmar D, Reinhold S, Souares A, Savadogo G, Sauerborn R. Does community-based health insurance protect household assets? Evidence from rural Africa. Health Serv Res. 2012 47(2): 819-39.

13. Robyn PJ, Hill A, Liu Y, Souares A, Savadogo G, Sié A, Sauerborn R. Econometric analysis to evaluate the effect of community-based health insurance on reducing informal self-care in Burkina Faso. Health Policy Plan. 2012 27(2): 156-65.

12. Yrjö-Koskinen J, Kagoné M, Souares A, Sauerborn R. The influence of organizational culture on information use in decision making within government health services in rural Burkina Faso. Nordic Journal of African Studies 2010: 19(4): 250–73.

11. Malik AA, Yamamoto SS, Souares A, Malik Z, Sauerborn R. Motivational determinants among physicians in Lahore, Pakistan. 2010 9; 10: 201.

10. Yamamoto S, Souares A, Sié A, Sauerborn R. Does recent contact with a health care provider make a difference in perceptions and knowledge of malaria? J Trop Pediatr. 2010 Mar 8.

9. Souares A, Savadogo G, Dong H, Parmar D, Sié A, Sauerborn R. Using community wealth ranking to identify the poor for subsidies: case study of community-based health insurance in Nouna, Burkina Faso. Health and Social Care in the Community 2010 18(4):363-8.

8. Souares A, Moulin P, Carlotti MP, Sarrassat S, Lalou R, Le Hesran JY. Self-reported data: a major tool to assess adherence to anti-malarial combination therapy among children in Senegal. Malaria Journal 2009 17; 8: 257.

7. Souares A, Lalou R, Senghor P, Le Hesran JY. Child age or weight: difficulties related to the prescription of the right dosage of antimalarial combinations to treat children in Senegal. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2009, 104(2): 104-9.

6. Souares A, Lalou R, Sene I, Sow D, Le Hesran JY. Factors related to compliance to anti-malarial drug combination: example of amodiaquine/sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine among children in rural Senegal. Malaria Journal 2009, 8:118.

5. Dong H, De Allegri M, Gnawali D, Souares A, Sauerborn R. Drop-out analysis of community-based health insurance membership at Nouna, Burkina Faso. Health Policy 2009, 92(2-3): 174-9

4. Gnawali DP, Pokhrel S, Sié A, Sanon, M, De Allegri M, Souares A, Dong H, Sauerborn R. The effect of community-based health insurance on the utilization of modern health care services: evidence from Burkina Faso. Health policy 2009, 90(2-3): 214-22.

3. Souares A, Lalou R, Sene I, Sow D, Senghor P, Le Hesran JY. Adherence and effectiveness of drug combination in curative treatment among children suffering uncomplicated malaria in rural Senegal. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2008, 102(8): 751-8.

2. Souares A, Lalou R, Sene I, Sow D, Le Hesran JY. Knowledge and practices among the health workers from the Thies region with regard to new malaria treatment policies. Sante publique, 2006, 2: 299-310.

1. Souares A, Chippaux JP, Le Hesran JY. Improvement of care offer: impact on the health centre activity in rural area Senegal. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique, 2005, 53: 143-51.